Fin Whale Interpolation of Sightings-per-Unit-Effort (SPUE) in the Southern Gulf of Maine

Metadata also available as

Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: NOAA, Biogeography Team
Publication_Date: 200609
Title:
Fin Whale Interpolation of Sightings-per-Unit-Effort (SPUE) in the Southern Gulf of Maine
Edition: 1.0
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: vector digital data
Online_Linkage:
<http://ccma.nos.noaa.gov/ecosystems/sanctuaries/stellwagen_nms.html>
Description:
Abstract:
OVERVIEW: This feature dataset contains combined cetacean sightings from the Manomet Bird Observatory (MBO) and from the North Atlantic Right Whale Consortium (NARWC) databases binned in total (i.e., all seasons/months) for the years 1970-2005. The spatial extent of the records included in these feature classes span the southern Gulf of Maine and are bounded by the meridians: -71.00 W and -67.00 W and by the parallels 43.50 N and 41.00 N. Only records from dedicated aerial surveys and platforms-of-opportunity, which met pre-defined criteria, were used in our calculations. In total, these data included 653,725 km of survey track, 16 species and 34,589 cetacean observations in the years 1970-2005.
EFFORT CORRECTION (SPUE): In order to minimize bias from the uneven allocation of survey effort in both time and space, we used the sightings-per-unit-effort (SPUE) algorithm. This method produced an index of relative density by quantifying the number of individual cetaceans per unit length of track line within user defined temporal and spatial units. SPUE allows comparisons between discrete spatial units and temporal subsets within the study area. The factor of 1,000 was included to avoid very small decimal SPUE values.
SPUE = 1,000 x (n/e) n = number of individuals e = km of surveyed trackline
CETACEAN SIGHTINGS: The territorial waters of the United States support a wide diversity of cetaceans (approximately 60 species), with many areas considered critical habitat for endangered cetaceans. The Gulf of Maine region including Georges Bank is regularly utilized by approximately thirteen species of cetacean, mainly for feeding. Sixteen cetacean species were recorded in the MBO and NARWC databases, but not all of them were binned and analyzed. The Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary chose seven species and two groups on which to focus. These species and groups are listed below:
By cetacean species: Atlantic White-Sided Dolphin (Lagenorhynchus acutus) Fin (Finback) Whale (Balaenoptera physalus) Humpback Whales (Megaptera novaengliae) Minke Whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) Northern (Black) Right Whales (Eubalaena glacialis) Pilot Whale (Globicephala melaena) Sei Whale (Balaenoptera borealis)
By cetacean group: Dolphin/porpoise group: Atlantic White-Sided Dolphin (Lagenorhynchus acutus) Bottlenose Dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) Common (Saddleback) Dolphin (Delphinus delphis) Harbor Porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) Gray Grampus (Risso's) Dolphin (Grampus griseus) Unidentified Dolphin or Porpoise Unidentified Lagenorhynchus Unidentified Stenella White-Beaked Dolphin (Lagenorhynchus albirostris)
Baleen whale (Mysticeti) group: Blue Whale (Balaenoptera musculus) Fin Whale (Balaenoptera physalus) Humpback Whale (Megaptera novaengliae) Minke Whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) Northern Right Whale (Eubalaena glacialis) Sei Whale (Balaenoptera borealis) Unidentified Balaenoptera Unidentified Fin or Sei Whale Unidentified Rorqual
By richness and diversity indice: Species Richness (R) Shannon-Wiener Diversity (H) & Evenness Indices (Eh) Simpson Diversity (D) & Evenness Indices (Ed)
INTERPOLATING CETACEAN SIGHTINGS: Cetaceans are highly mobile animals with complex and continuous patterns of movement. In order to better convey this continuity, we interpolated the binned marine mammal relative abundance values to produce a conterminous surface. Specifically, the SPUE values for each 5 x 5 minute grid cell centroid were interpolated spatially using an Inverse Weighting Distance (IDW) algorithm found in ESRI's Geostatistical Analyst Extension. The resulting interpolated surfaces were classified into quantiles (based on the interpolated values of the all season surface), and exported as filled contour polygon shapefiles.
FILE NAMING CONVENTION: The naming convention each polygon feature class includes the common name of the group or species and time period for which it was binned. The name: AtlanticWhiteSidedDolphin_Bin_Total for example, would indicate that this feature class encompasses Atlantic White-Sided Dolphin sightings binned in total (i.e., it includes all season/months).
Purpose:
These data were compiled to map and subsequently model the temporal and spatial distributions of cetaceans in the southern Gulf of Maine. These mapping and modeling efforts were in support of a biogeographic assessment of the Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1970
Beginning_Time: unknown
Ending_Date: 2005
Ending_Time: unknown
Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None planned
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -71.011267
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -66.829338
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 43.576032
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 40.913213
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Theme_Keyword: Marine Mammals
Theme_Keyword: Cetaceans
Theme_Keyword: Whales
Theme_Keyword: Dolphins
Theme_Keyword: Porpoises
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: biota, 002
Theme_Keyword: oceans, 014
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: NASA/GCMD Earth Science Keywords
Theme_Keyword:
Biological Classification > Animals/Vertebrates > Mammals > Cetaceans > Baleen Whales
Theme_Keyword:
Biosphere > Ecological Dynamics > Species/Population Interactions > Endangered Species
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Place_Keyword: Southern Gulf of Maine
Place_Keyword: Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary
Place_Keyword: Massachusetts Bay
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
Place_Keyword: Massachusetts
Place_Keyword: Gulf of Maine
Place_Keyword: Massachusetts Bay
Place_Keyword: Cape Cod Bay
Place_Keyword: Nantucket Sound
Place_Keyword: Vineyard Sound
Place_Keyword: Buzzards Bay
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: Buzzards Bay
Place_Keyword:
Continent > North America > United States Of America > Massachusetts
Place_Keyword: Ocean > Atlantic Ocean > North Atlantic Ocean > Gulf Of Maine
Place_Keyword: Ocean > Atlantic Ocean > North Atlantic Ocean
Stratum:
Stratum_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Stratum_Keyword: None
Temporal:
Temporal_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Temporal_Keyword: 1970-2005
Access_Constraints:
Permission must be obtained from the North Atlantic Right Whale Consortium (NARWC) and from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).
Use_Constraints:
To obtain the North Atlantic Right Whale Consortium (NARWC) database, please contact Dr. Robert Kenney at the University of Rhode Island.
Address University of Rhode Island South Ferry Road, NBAY Campus Narragansett RI, 02882 Room 5, Marine Building Phone:(401) 874-6664 Email: rkenney@gso.uri.edu
To obtain the Manomet Bird Observatory database, please contact Dr. Gordon Waring at the Northeast Fisheries Science Center.
Address NOAA, Northeast Fisheries Science Center 166 Water St., Woods Hole, MA 02543 Phone: (508) 495-2000 x2311 Email: gordon.waring@noaa.gov Fax: (508) 495-2258
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NOAA, Biogeography Team
Contact_Person: Simon Pittman
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 1305 East West Highway, SSMC 4
City: Silver Spring
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20910
Country: U.S.A.
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (301) 713-3028 x147
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (301) 713-4384
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: simon.pittman@noaa.gov
Contact_Instructions: Best to contact via email
Data_Set_Credit:
North Atlantic Right Whale Consortium: <http://www.rightwhaleweb.org/>
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service (NOS):
1. National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), Northeast Fisheries Science Center <http://www.nefsc.noaa.gov/> 2. Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment (CCMA), Biogeography Team: <http://ccma.nos.noaa.gov/about/biogeography/>
Native_Data_Set_Environment:
Microsoft Windows XP Version 5.1 (Build 2600) Service Pack 3; ESRI ArcCatalog 9.3.1.3000

Data_Quality_Information:
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Data Formatting:
The data provided by NARWC contained survey effort and sightings data from ship and aerial surveys mostly conducted between 1970 and 2005. The data provided by MBO contained survey effort and sightings data from ship surveys conducted between 1980 and 1988. These datasets were received as database tables (.dbf) and as a text (.txt) file, respectively.
In order for these data to be useful, both needed to be uniformly formatted, as personal geodatabase feature classes. The .dbf tables were added to ArcMap, given geometry and converted to a feature class. The .txt file was imported into MS Access and the seabird and turtle sightings were removed, field names updated based on supporting documentation (Northridge 1994) and matched with NARWC species codes. This MS Access table was subsequently added to ArcMap, given geometry and exported as a feature class.
Process_Date: 2005
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NOAA, Biogeography Team
Contact_Person: Bryan Costa
Contact_Position: GIS Specialist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 1305 East West Highway, SSMC 4
City: Silver Spring
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20910
Country: U.S.A.
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (301) 713-3028
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (301) 713-4384
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: bryan.costa@noaa.gov
Contact_Instructions: Best to contact via email
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Reconstructing MBO Survey Transects:
The MBO dataset, unlike the NARWC dataset, included both survey effort and cetacean sightings in one file. In order to parse and assign geometry to the MBO effort data, we first calculated the distance traveled by the survey vessel using the speed and time fields provided.
D = (s/60) x t x 1852 D = transect length (meters) s = speed (knots per hour) t = time (minutes) 1852 = conversion from nautical miles to meters
Second, we created point geometry in the NAD83 Azimuthal Equidistant coordinate system. This projection was used because it best preserved the true geographic distance of lines in planar space. Duplicate points were subsequently removed based on survey, location, year, month, day and time, so as not to create duplicate transects and overestimate the amount of survey effort. Duplicate points occurred where there were two or more marine mammal sightings on the same transect. The points that remained after this selection process denoted the beginning or "from" node of each survey transect. Using the Distance/Azimuth Tools v1.6 GIS Extension in ArcView 3.3 (Jenness, 2005), we then calculated the location of the end or "to" node of the survey transects using the azimuth field and the transect length field (which we calculated previously). Transect length needed to be calculated in the same units (meters) as the coordinate system of the shapefile used. The point geometry was then converted to line geometry using XTools Pro 3.0 (Data East, LLC. 2006).
Calculating Great Circle Distance:
In order to aggregate the survey transects by season and month we first reprojected the latitude-longitude grid and survey transects to the geographic coordinate system, North American Datum 1983. These two GIS layers were subsequently intersected in a geographic coordinate system to preserve the geometric integrity of the non-Euclidean data. The layers were then reprojected to NAD83 Azimuthal Equidistant coordinate system. This coordinate system was chosen for two reasons: 1) it allowed the user to calculate distance in meters and not in decimal degrees; and 2) it preserved the geodetic length (also called great circle or great arc distance) of survey lines in Euclidean space at latitudes of 45 degrees.
Process_Date: 2005
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NOAA, Biogeography Team
Contact_Person: Bryan Costa
Contact_Position: GIS Specialist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 1305 East West Highway, SSMC 4
City: Silver Spring
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20910
Country: U.S.A.
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (301) 713-3028
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (301) 713-4384
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: bryan.costa@noaa.gov
Contact_Instructions: Best to contact via email
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Data Selection Criteria:
Only records from dedicated aerial surveys and platforms-of-opportunity, which met pre-defined criteria (see below) were used to calculate SPUE. Few surveys provided enough information to calculate probability of detection functions for individual species. We therefore assumed equal detectability for all species from all platforms within Beaufort Sea State of 3 and 4.
Data selection criteria: 1. Sufficient information to reconstruct survey tracks 2. On effort (i.e., they were recorded on a survey line) 3. There was at least one observer on watch 4. Visibility greater than or equal to 2 nautical miles 5. Altitude less than or equal to 366 meters (only for aerial surveys) 6. Beaufort Sea State less than or equal to 3 (for small marine mammals) 7. Beaufort Sea State less than or equal to 4 (for medium and large marine mammals)
Data from the NARWC and MBO database which did not meet these criteria were removed from our analysis. The altitude criterion did not apply to the MBO data since all surveys were conducted from ships. Also, visibility data were not provided, therefore we assumed equal visibility (visibility greater than or equal to two nautical miles) for all MBO transects. The small and medium/large marine mammals classes were the same as listed for the NAWRC Database (see below), with two additions to the small category: Unidentified (Large) Dolphin and Unidentified (Patterned) Dolphin.
Creating Centroids for MBO Sightings:
Additional challenges for integrating the two datasets were presented by the fact that the location of marine mammal sightings in the MBO data were not given unique locations along a transect, but instead were assigned the same geographic location as the beginning of the transect. A marine mammal sighting, consequently, may have occurred anywhere along a given transect. This data format proved problematic for transects which crossed two or more grid cells as there was no way of knowing to which cell the sighting should be assigned. In order to explore this issue, we calculated the proportion (%) of the total transect length for each transect that fell within each grid cell that it intersected.
% D = (Di/D) x 100 %D = proportion of total transect length (%) Di = intersected transect length D = total transect length
Next, we decided on an appropriate error threshold by calculating the effect of excluding transects with less than 50%, 70% and 90% of their total length falling within an individual 5 x 5 minute cell. In order to maximize number of transects in the analyses, but minimize uncertainty in our spatial assignment of cetacean density, we decided to only include transects with greater than or equal to 70% of their length in a single 5 x 5 minute cell in our analysis. This selection criterion removed 596 out of 2,162 transects and 341 sightings out of 1,122 sightings from the MBO dataset in our area of interest. Each transect was converted to a centroid using XTools Pro 3.0 (Data East, 2006) convert shapes to centroids function. Marine mammal sightings attributes were transferred to the corresponding centroid for each transect.
Cetacean Size Classes:
Small marine mammals included: Atlantic White-Sided Dolphin (Lagenorhynchus acutus) Bottlenose Dolphin (Tursiops truncates) Risso's Dolphin (Grampus griseus) Common (Saddleback) Dolphin (Delphinus spp.) White-Beaked Dolphin (Lagenorhynchus albirostris) Unidentified Lagenorhynchus Unidentified Saddleback (Delphinus spp.) Unidentified Stenella (Spotted Dolphin) Unidentified Porpoise or Dolphin Harbor Porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) Pilot Whale (Globicephala melas) Beluga Whale (Delphinapterus leucas)
Medium and large marine mammals included: Blue Whale (Balaenoptera musculus) Fin Whale (Balaenoptera physalus) Humpback Whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) Killer Whale (Orcinus orca) Minke Whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) Northern Right Whale (Eubalaena glacialis) Sei Whale (Balaenoptera borealis) Sperm Whale (Physeter macrocephallus) Unidentified Balaenoptera Unidentified Fin or Sei Whales Unidentified Large Whales Unidentified Medium Whales Unidentified Rorquals Unidentified Whales
Process_Date: 2005
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NOAA, Biogeography Team
Contact_Person: Bryan Costa
Contact_Position: GIS Specialist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 1305 East West Highway, SSMC 4
City: Silver Spring
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20910
Country: U.S.A.
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (301) 713-3028
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (301) 713-4384
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: bryan.costa@noaa.gov
Contact_Instructions: Best to contact via email
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Integrating MBO & NARW Datasets:
Once the two datasets were uniformly formatted, each were independently binned in 5x5 minute cells by season, by month and in total. The number of animals and amount of effort were subsequently added together using unique grid cell IDs to link the two datasets geographically. The sightings were corrected for effort using the SPUE Index. The factor of 1,000 was included to avoid very small decimal SPUE values. Cells with less than 2.5 km of effort were considered to have 'no effort' and were removed from the analysis.
SPUE = 1,000 x (n/e) n = number of individuals e = km of surveyed trackline
Process_Date: 2006
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NOAA, Biogeography Team
Contact_Person: Bryan Costa
Contact_Position: GIS Specialist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 1305 East West Highway, SSMC 4
City: Silver Spring
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20910
Country: U.S.A.
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (301) 713-3028
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (301) 713-4384
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: bryan.costa@noaa.gov
Contact_Instructions: Best to contact via email
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Interpolating effort-corrected abundance data in 5x5 minute grid cells:
Cetaceans are highly mobile animals with complex and continuous patterns of movement. In order to better convey this continuity, we interpolated the binned marine mammal relative abundance values to produce a conterminous surface. The SPUE values for each 5 x 5 minute grid cell centroid were interpolated spatially using an Inverse Weighting Distance (IDW) algorithm in ESRI's Geostatistical Analyst Extension. The resulting interpolated surface was classified into quantiles (based on the interpolated values of the all seasons surface), and exported as a filled contour polygon shapefile.
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
CZM received the data from NOAA National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS) as a geodatabase. The data were converted to the North American Datum of 1983 (NAD83) and registered to the Massachusetts State Plane Coordinate System, Mainland Zone (FIPS zone 2001), meters.
Process_Date: 2009
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: The Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management
Contact_Position: CZM Data Manager
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: 251 Causeway Street, Suite 800
City: Boston
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02114-2138
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 617-626-1200
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 617-626-1240
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: czm@state.ma.us
Hours_of_Service: 0900 hrs to 1600 hrs EST
Contact_Instructions: email only

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Vector
Point_and_Vector_Object_Information:
SDTS_Terms_Description:
SDTS_Point_and_Vector_Object_Type: G-polygon
Point_and_Vector_Object_Count: 5

Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Planar:
Grid_Coordinate_System:
Grid_Coordinate_System_Name: State Plane Coordinate System 1983
State_Plane_Coordinate_System:
SPCS_Zone_Identifier: 2001
Lambert_Conformal_Conic:
Standard_Parallel: 41.716667
Standard_Parallel: 42.683333
Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: -71.500000
Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 41.000000
False_Easting: 200000.000000
False_Northing: 750000.000000
Planar_Coordinate_Information:
Planar_Coordinate_Encoding_Method: coordinate pair
Coordinate_Representation:
Abscissa_Resolution: 0.000001
Ordinate_Resolution: 0.000001
Planar_Distance_Units: meters
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: North American Datum of 1983
Ellipsoid_Name: Geodetic Reference System 80
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137.000000
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257222

Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: Fin Whales
Entity_Type_Definition:
Sightings Per Unit Effort binned in total for the years 1970 to 2005
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: NOAA
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: FID
Attribute_Definition: Internal feature number.
Attribute_Definition_Source: ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
Sequential unique whole numbers that are automatically generated.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Shape
Attribute_Definition: Feature geometry.
Attribute_Definition_Source: ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Coordinates defining the features.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Classes
Attribute_Definition: Quantile class number.
Attribute_Definition_Source: NOAA
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Value_Min
Attribute_Definition: Minimum interpolated SPUE value of a quantile class.
Attribute_Definition_Source: NOAA
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Value_Max
Attribute_Definition: Maximum interpolated SPUE value of a quantile class.
Attribute_Definition_Source: NOAA
Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
Field Definitions:
ET_ID: unique ID number for each 5x5 minute polygon grid cell ET_INDEX: unique ID number for each 5x5 minute polygon grid cell EFFORT_RWC: amount of survey effort (in km of survey track) from the North Atlantic Right Whale Consortium dataset (NARWC) ANIMAL_RWC: number of cetaceans sighted from the NARWC dataset EFFORT_MAN: amount of survey effort (in km of survey track) from the Manomet Bird Observatory (MBO) dataset ANIMAL_MAN: number of cetaceans sighted from the MBO dataset EFFORTBOTH: amount of survey effort (in km of survey track) from the NARWC and MBO datasets ANIMALBOTH: number of cetaceans sighted from the NARWC and MBO datasets SPUE_BOTH: sightings per unit effort per 5x5 minute grid cell---i.e., ((ANIMALBOTH/EFFORTBOTH) * 1,000)
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation: NOAA

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NOAA, Biogeography Team
Contact_Person: Simon Pittman
Contact_Position: Landscape Ecologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 1305 East West Highway, SSMC 4 9th floor
City: Silver Spring
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20910
Country: U.S.A.
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (301) 713-3028
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (301) 713-4384
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: simon.pittman@noaa.gov
Hours_of_Service: 9:00am-4:00pm
Contact_Instructions: Best to contact via email.
Resource_Description: CZM_moris_om_fin_whales_poly
Distribution_Liability:
These data were prepared by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, make any warranty, expressed or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed in this report, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference therein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. Any views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof. Although all data have been used by NOAA, no warranty, expressed or implied, is made by NOAA as to the accuracy of the data and/or related materials. The act of distribution shall not constitute any such warranty, and no responsibility is assumed by NOAA in the use of these data or related materials.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Transfer_Size: 0.178
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Offline_Option:
Offline_Media: CD-ROM distribution once access permitted.
Custom_Order_Process:
To obtain the North Atlantic Right Whale Consortium (NARWC) database, please contact Dr. Robert Kenney at the University of Rhode Island.
Address University of Rhode Island South Ferry Road, NBAY Campus Narragansett RI, 02882 Room 5, Marine Building Phone:(401) 874-6664 Email: rkenney@gso.uri.edu
To obtain the Manomet Bird Observatory database, please contact Dr. Gordon Waring at the Northeast Fisheries Science Center.
Address NOAA, Northeast Fisheries Science Center 166 Water St., Woods Hole, MA 02543 Phone: (508) 495-2000 x2311 Email: gordon.waring@noaa.gov Fax: (508) 495-2258
Technical_Prerequisites: ArcExplorer/ArcGIS

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20090805
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NOAA, Biogeography Team
Contact_Person: Bryan Costa
Contact_Position: GIS Specialist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 1305 East West Highway, SSMC 4
City: Silver Spring
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20910
Country: U.S.A.
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (301) 713-3028
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (301) 713-4384
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: bryan.costa@noaa.gov
Contact_Instructions: Best to contact via email
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
Metadata_Extensions:
Online_Linkage: <http://www.esri.com/metadata/esriprof80.html>
Profile_Name: ESRI Metadata Profile

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