C-CAP US (United States) Coastal Land Cover Project: Massachusetts 1996

Metadata also available as

Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
Publication_Date: 20060508
Title:
C-CAP US (United States) Coastal Land Cover Project: Massachusetts 1996
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: remote-sensing image
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: NOAA CSC, Charleston, SC
Publisher: NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP)
Other_Citation_Details:
This Classification and change analysis is based on Landsat TM scenes: p11r30 (08/14/1995), p11r31 (09/12/1994), p12r30 (07/04/1995), p12r31 (08/21/1995), p12r32 (06/15/1994), p13r30 (07/29/1996), p13r31 (08/09/1994), p13r32 (08/09/1994), p14r29 (05/31/1995)
Online_Linkage: <http://www.csc.noaa.gov>
Larger_Work_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
This layer contains the early-date (1995-era) classifications based on Landsat TM (Thematic Mapper) for the US coastal zone 65 NOAA C-CAP program. This layer allows the user to analyze change between the two eras of classifications. The C-CAP US coastal zone 65 program list of products includes the classification of 2000-era Landsat 7 data, 1995-era Landsat 5 data, and change information.
Publication_Date: 20060508
Title: C-CAP US (United States) Coastal Land Cover Project
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: NOAA CSC, Charleston, SC
Publisher: NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP)
Description:
Abstract:
This data set contains the 1995-era or early-date classifications of US coastal zone 65 and can be used to analyze change. This imagery was collected as part of the Multi-Resolution Land Characteristics program in a multi-agency effort to provide baseline multi-scale environmental characteristics and to monitor environmental change. This data set utilized 10 full or partial Landsat scenes which were analyzed according to the Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP) protocol to determine land cover.
Note: These data were reprojected from their native projection into North American Datum 1983 (NAD83) / Massachusetts State Plane coordinate system, Mainland Zone (Fipszone 2001) meters by the Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management on Oct. 12, 2006.
Purpose:
To improve the understanding of coastal uplands and wetlands, and their linkages with the distribution, abundance, and health of living marine resources.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19940615
Ending_Date: 19960729
Currentness_Reference: Date of the Landsat scenes
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: 5 years
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -75.457594
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -68.511489
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 45.573114
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 39.795601
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: Land Cover Analysis
Theme_Keyword: Change Detection Analysis
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Place_Keyword: US Coastal Zone
Place_Keyword: Vermont
Place_Keyword: New Hampshire
Place_Keyword: Massachusetts
Place_Keyword: Connecticut
Place_Keyword: Rhode Island
Place_Keyword: New York
Place_Keyword: New England
Access_Constraints: None, except for a possible fee.
Use_Constraints:
Data set is not for use in litigation. While efforts have been made to ensure that these data are accurate and reliable within the state of the art, NOAA, cannot assume liability for any damages, or misrepresentations, caused by any inaccuracies in the data, or as a result of the data to be used on a particular system. NOAA makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NOAA Coastal Services Center
Contact_Person: Metadata Specialist
Contact_Position: Metadata Specialist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 2234 S Hobson Ave.
City: Charleston
State_or_Province: SC
Postal_Code: 29105
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (843)740-1210
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (843)740-1224
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: clearinghouse@csc.noaa.gov
Hours_of_Service: Monday-Friday, 8-5 EST
Native_Data_Set_Environment:
Microsoft Windows XP Version 5.1 (Build 2600) Service Pack 2; ESRI ArcCatalog 9.1.0.722

Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
While the accuracy of a 1995-era classification is hard to determine based on 2000-era ground truth, the 1995-era classification is composed of approximately 96.9% of the final 2000-era classification. This is because only the areas of change between 1995 and 2000 were classified for the early-date classification. Then the classified early-date layer was overlaid onto the late-date classification. Therefore the accuracy assessment for the late-date classification is still a good estimate of the accuracy of the early-date classification. According to accuracy assessment performed by Sanborn, the overall accuracy is 85.1% and 0.848 Kappa. The accuracy results shown below are from US coastal zone 65. A total of 518 points are located in US coastal zone 65. Each class accuracy is as follows: (Errors of Omission/Commission) 0 Background (N/A) 1 Unclassified (Cloud, Shadow, etc)(N/A) 2 High Intensity Developed (85%/79%) 3 Medium Intensity Developed (80%/62%) 4 Low Intensity Developed (17%/18%) 5 Open Spaces Developed (57%/31%) 6 Cultivated Land (89%/80%) 7 Pasture/Hay (80%/97%) 8 Grassland (80%/67%) 9 Deciduous Forest (80%/92%) 10 Evergreen Forest (85%/94%) 11 Mixed Forest (86%/67%) 12 Scrub/Shrub (62%/62%) 13 Palustrine Forested Wetland (85%/82%) 14 Palustrine Scrub/Shrub Wetland (82%/85%) 15 Palustrine Emergent Wetland (70%/61%) 16 Estuarine Forested Wetland (N/A) 17 Estuarine Scrub/Shrub Wetland (N/A) 18 Estuarine Emergent Wetland (92%/97%) 19 Unconsolidated Shore (94%/94%) 20 Bare Land (96%/81%) 21 Water (99%/100%) 22 Palustrine Aquatic Bed (50%/25%) 23 Estuarine Aquatic Bed (N/A) 24 Tundra (N/A) 25 Snow/Ice (N/A) The validation points were both collected in the field and photo interpreted. The accuracy assessment selection methods were developed to minimize spatial autocorrelation between the training and accuracy assessment. The first pool of accuracy assessment sites came from field data and photo interpretation of black and white digital orthophotos and digital color infrared imagery (primarily Ikonos data). These sites were collected prior to initial mapping and were collected at the same time as the training data. The sites were selected to capture the physical and spectral diversity of the land cover. After the first criteria was met, the accuracy assessment sites were buffered to see if they fell within 1000 meters of another accuracy assessment site of the same class or within 1000 meters of a training site of the same class. Those that fell within the 1000 meter buffer were eliminated. All sites were to be from a homogeneous 3x3 area. After an analysis of the point distribution, it became clear that there were not enough samples for every class. The remaining points were selected from the initial draft final classification and had to be a homogeneous 3x3 area. Sampling was limited to areas where there was high resolution color infrared imagery. The imagery included the previous Ikonos imagery, but also included an additional 20 scenes of Ikonos imagery. The additional Ikonos imagery provided sampling areas across the entire study area. Classes which had a proportionally larger representative land area had larger numbers of samples . When possible, we tried to identify 50 samples of each of the classes. Exceptions were for the following classes (actual sample numbers): Cultivated Crops (37) - Grassland/Herbaceous (20)- Evergreen Forest (40) - Mixed Forest (28) - Scrub/Shrub (21) - Palustrine Forest Wetland (33) - Palustrine Scrub/Shrub Wetland (28) Palustrine Emergent Wetland (20)- Estuarine Emergent Wetland (38) - Unconsolidated Shore (17) - Bare Land (23) - Palustrine Aquatic Bed (4). A total of 518 accuracy assessment points were used excluding urban classes. 572 accuracy assessment points were used including urban points. All classes have a minimum of 50 accuracy assessment points except for the classes mentioned above. These classes are limited in the study area and to some extent in the imagery that was available to sample from.
Post-Processing Steps: None Known Problems: None Spatial Filters: None
Quantitative_Attribute_Accuracy_Assessment:
Attribute_Accuracy_Value: 85.1
Attribute_Accuracy_Explanation:
None performed. While the accuracy of a 1995-era classification is hard to determine based on 2000-era ground truth, the 1995-era classification is composed of approximately 96.9% of the final 2000-era classification. This is because only the areas of change between 1995 and 2000 were classified for the early-date classification. Then the classified early-date layer was overlaid onto the late-date classification. Therefore the accuracy assessment for the late-date classification is still a good estimate of the accuracy of the early-date classification. According to accuracy assessment performed by Sanborn, the overall accuracy is 85.1% and 0.848 Kappa for coastal zone 65 late date.
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Tests for logical consistency indicate that all row and column positions in the selected latitude/longitude window contain data. Conversion and integration with vector files indicates that all positions are consistent with earth coordinates covering the same area. Attribute files are logically consistent.
Completeness_Report:
Data does not exist for all classes. Many classes of from-to change never occurred in zone 65. All pixels have been classified. The NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA National Marine Fisheries Service Report 123, discusses the interagency effort to develop the land cover classification scheme and defines all categories.
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
Landsat scenes were georeferenced by Eros Data Center (EDC). Spatial accuracy assessed by Sanborn is found to be to 2 pixels accuracy or less.
Vertical_Positional_Accuracy:
Vertical_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
There was no terrain correction in the geo-referencing procedure.
Lineage:
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Sanborn
Publication_Date: 20060508
Title: C-CAP zone 65 1995-Era Land Cover
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: remote-sensing image
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Charleston SC
Publisher: NOAA Coastal Services Center
Online_Linkage: <http://www.csc.noaa.gov/crs/lca>
Type_of_Source_Media: CD-ROM
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19940615
Ending_Date: 19960729
Source_Currentness_Reference: Date of the Landsat scenes
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: NOAA CSC
Source_Contribution: NOAA CSC
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
This dataset was created by Sanborn Mapping Company. This version of the classification is the early-date (1995-era). The study area is the coastal zone 65 Region. A late-date (2000-era) classification is also available for the same area. Pre-processing steps: Each Landsat TM scene was geo-referenced by USGS (United States Geological Survey) EROS Data Center. The Sanborn staff reviewed the spectral and spatial quality of the imagery. Areas that were greater than 1-2 pixels off were sent back to USGS for reprocessing. The data was geo-referenced to Albers Conical Equal Area, with a spheroid of GRS 1980, and Datum of NAD83. The data units is in meters. The zone 65 TM data was delivered in the form of USGS zone mosaics. The data included three dates of TM: leaf-on, leaf-off, and spring. For each date of TM, spectral and tasseled cap data were received. Change Detection: Once the early-date and late-date images were aligned, the next step was to determine the areas of change between the 1995 and 2000-era data. Since the 2000-era classification was already complete, it is only necessary to classify the areas of change to create a 1995-era classification of the same specifications. Change detection was performed on each of the eight image pieces. A difference image was created using the six spectral bands of the leaf-on late-date imagery and the six spectral bands of the early-date imagery (leaf on). This difference image was clustered into 150 classes. Classes of change were recoded into one change class. In addition, change detections using the same method, were performed between the late-date leaf-on image and the late-date spring image, and the late-date leaf-on image and the late-date leaf-off image. These areas of change were added to the change mask to account for differences between the late-date images. Once the change was combined into one file, small patches of change (4 and less pixels) were eliminated to remove noise. Then a 3x3 focal majority filter was applied to fill in some patches. The change layer over-estimated change to ensure that all changed areas were captured in the mask. Classification: The classification of the early-date, 1995-era data was a mixture of automated and manual approaches. The change mask was used to identify areas in the late-date classification that had not changed since 1995. These were considered areas that could be used to collect training points. A stratified random sample of points were selected from the non-change areas of the late-date classification. Over 5000 training points were selected from the non-change areas. Points were reviewed to ensure that they were labeled correctly. The training points were supplemented with additional points in the areas that did change and for classes that did not have enough samples. An early-date classification was created using this training data set in the CART discrete decision-tree software. The model was applied to a mosaic of the early-date image pieces. The change mask was used to mask the early-date classification. This area of change from the early-date was compared to the same area of the late-date classification. Illogical changes were reviewed and modeled out or to other classes when appropriate. The early-date area of change was then reviewed against both the 1995 and 2000 era TM data to identify omitted and committed change as well as change that had gotten the wrong class call. When the manual edits were complete, the final early-date classification was generated by using the 1995 early-date classification in areas that had changed and the 2000 late-date classification in areas that had not changed. After the field points for training were collected, they were combined with photo-interpreted points and used as the dependent variable in a CART classification approach. Many layers tested as independent layers. They included three dates of spectral and tasseled cap imagery, DEM, slope, aspect, texture, band indices (NDVI, Moisture, NDVI-Green), shape indices fractal dimension, compactness, convexity, and form), Census data (housing and population density). Statistical analyses and visual inspection of the output was used to eliminate data that was redundant or not useful in the classification. Additional training points were added to help reduce some of the confusion between classes. The rough classification was created at the end of this process using only the CART discrete decision-tree software. A provisional classification was produced by applying spatial models using ancillary data to the rough classification. The final automated map was then edited using hand editing techniques while using high resolution imagery from as reference data. The NLCD percent impervious product for Zone 65 (produced independently) was developed from Regression Tree and used impervious classifications from IKONOS imagery to predict pixel level percent impervious at the TM pixel level. The continuous percent impervious data was thresholded to produce the to developed categories and imbedded into the final map. Attributes for this product are as follows: 0 Background 1 Unclassified (Cloud, Shadow, etc) 2 High Intensity Developed 3 Medium Intensity Developed 4 Low Intensity Developed 5 Open Spaces Developed 6 Cultivated Land 7 Pasture/Hay 8 Grassland 9 Deciduous Forest 10 Evergreen Forest 11 Mixed Forest 12 Scrub/Shrub 13 Palustrine Forested Wetland 14 Palustrine Scrub/Shrub Wetland 15 Palustrine Emergent Wetland 16 Estuarine Forested Wetland 17 Estuarine Scrub/Shrub Wetland 18 Estuarine Emergent Wetland 19 Unconsolidated Shore 20 Bare Land 21 Water 22 Palustrine Aquatic Bed 23 Estuarine Aquatic Bed 24 Tundra 25 Snow/Ice Ancillary Datasets: Non-TM image datasets used are DEM (Digital Elevation Model), slope, aspect, positional index, NWI, NLCD, TIGER2000, field-collected points, photo-interpreted points, zone 65 GAP reclassified by NOAA (Gap Analysis Program), Census data (housing and population density), Ecoregions. QA/QC Process: There were several QA/QC steps involved in the creation of this product. First, there was an internal QA/QC. This was done by viewing the classification frame- by-frame along with the TM imagery, the classification, and high resolution reference imagery. NOAA staff completed a similar review and provided both general and point comments.
Process_Date: 20040815 - 20060508
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: CRS (Coastal Remote Sensing) Program Manager
Contact_Organization:
NOAA Coastal Services Center Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP)
Contact_Position: CRS Program Manager
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 2234 S. Hobson Ave.
City: Charleston
State_or_Province: SC
Postal_Code: 29405
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 843-740-1210
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 843-740-1224
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: clearinghouse@csc.noaa.gov
Hours_of_Service: 8:00 am to 5:00 p.m. EST. M-F
Process_Step:
Process_Description: Metadata imported.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: C:\Temp\xml43.tmp
Process_Step:
Process_Description: Metadata imported.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: W:\czm\Morris\XML_metadata\moris_ccap_ma_96_rd.xml
Process_Date: 20090813
Process_Time: 14414600

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Raster
Raster_Object_Information:
Raster_Object_Type: Pixel
Row_Count: 18429
Column_Count: 14728
Vertical_Count: 1

Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Planar:
Map_Projection:
Map_Projection_Name: Albers Conical Equal Area
Albers_Conical_Equal_Area:
Standard_Parallel: 29.500000
Standard_Parallel: 45.500000
Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: -96.000000
Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 23.000000
False_Easting: 0.000000
False_Northing: 0.000000
Planar_Coordinate_Information:
Planar_Coordinate_Encoding_Method: row and column
Coordinate_Representation:
Abscissa_Resolution: 30.000000
Ordinate_Resolution: 30.000000
Planar_Distance_Units: meters
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: North American Datum of 1983
Ellipsoid_Name: Geodetic Reference System 80
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137.000000
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257222

Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: US Coastal, zone 65
Entity_Type_Definition:
US coastal zone 65 as delineated by NOAA using scene boundaries, hydrological units, and county boundaries
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: unknown
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: NOAA Classification
Attribute_Definition:
Landcover Classification as determined by NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation
Attribute_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS (National Marine Fisheries Service) 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995 NLCD 2001 Land Cover Class Definitions, 2004 <http://www.mrlc.gov/nlcd_definitions.asp>
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 1 Unclassified
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
This class contains no data due to cloud conditions or data voids.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: N/A
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 2 High Intensity Developed
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Contains little or no vegetation. Includes highly developed areas where people reside or work in high numbers. Examples include apartment complexes, row houses and commercial/industrial.  Impervious surfaces account for 80 to 100 percent of the total cover.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
NLCD 2001 Land Cover Class Definitions, 2004 <http://www.mrlc.gov/nlcd_definitions.asp>
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 3 Medium Intensity Developed
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Contains substantial amounts of constructed surface mixed with substantial amounts of vegetated surface. Includes areas with a mixture of constructed materials and vegetation. Impervious surfaces account for 50-79 percent of the total cover.  These areas most commonly include single-family housing units.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
NLCD 2001 Land Cover Class Definitions, 2004 <http://www.mrlc.gov/nlcd_definitions.asp>
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 4 Low Intensity Developed
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Contains substantial amounts of constructed surface mixed with substantial amounts of vegetated surface. Includes areas with a mixture of constructed materials and vegetation.  Impervious surfaces account for 20-49 percent of total cover.  These areas most commonly include single-family housing units.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
NLCD 2001 Land Cover Class Definitions, 2004 <http://www.mrlc.gov/nlcd_definitions.asp>
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 5 Open Spaces Developed
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Includes areas with a mixture of some constructed materials, but mostly vegetation in the form of lawn grasses.  Impervious surfaces account for less than 20 percent of total cover.  These areas most commonly include large-lot single-family housing units, parks, golf courses, and vegetation planted in developed settings for recreation, erosion control, or aesthetic purposes.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
NLCD 2001 Land Cover Class Definitions, 2004 <http://www.mrlc.gov/nlcd_definitions.asp>
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 6 Cultivated Land
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Includes herbaceous (cropland) and woody (e.g., orchards, nurseries, and vineyards) cultivated lands.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 7 Pasture/Hay
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
characterized by grasses, legumes or grass-legumes mixtures planted for livestock grazing or the production of sees or hay crops.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
NLCD 2001 Land Cover Class Definitions, 2004 <http://www.mrlc.gov/nlcd_definitions.asp>
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 8 Grassland
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Dominated by naturally occurring grasses and non-grasses (forbs) that are not fertilized, cut, tilled, or planted regularly.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 9 Deciduous Forest
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Includes areas dominated by single stemmed, woody vegetation un-branched 0.6 to 1 meter (2 to 3 feet) above the ground and having a height greater than 5 meters (20 feet).
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 10 Evergreen Forest
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Includes areas in which more than 67 percent of the trees remain green throughout the year. Both coniferous and broad-leaved evergreens (greater than 5 meters) are included in this category.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 11 Mixed Forest
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Contains all forested areas in which both evergreen and deciduous trees (greater than 5 meters) are growing and neither predominate.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 12 Scrub/Shrub
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Areas dominated by woody vegetation less than 5 meters in height. This class includes true shrubs, young trees, and trees or shrubs that are small or stunted because of environmental conditions.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 13 Palustrine Forested Wetland
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Includes all non-tidal wetlands dominated by woody vegetation greater than or equal to 5 meters in height, and all such wetlands that occur in tidal areas in which salinity due to ocean-derived salts is below 0.5 parts per thousand (ppt).
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 14 Palustrine Scrub/Shrub Wetland
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Includes all non-tidal wetlands dominated by woody vegetation less than or equal to 5 meters in height, and all such wetlands that occur in tidal areas in which salinity due to ocean-derived salts is below 0.5 ppt.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 15 Palustrine Emergent Wetland
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Includes all non-tidal wetlands dominated by trees, shrubs, persistent emergents, emergent mosses, or lichens, and all such wetlands that occur in tidal areas in which salinity due to ocean- derived salts is below 0.5 ppt.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 16 Estuarine Forest Wetland
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Includes all tidal wetlands dominated by woody vegetation greater than or equal to 5 meters in height, and all such wetlands that occur in tidal areas in which salinity due to ocean-derived salts is above 0.5 parts per thousand (ppt).
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 17 Estuarine Scrub/Shrub Wetland
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Includes all tidal wetlands dominated by woody vegetation less than 5 meters in height, and all such wetlands that occur in tidal areas in which salinity due to ocean-derived salts is above 0.5 ppt.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 18 Estuarine Emergent
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Characterized by erect, rooted, herbaceous hydrophytes (excluding mosses and lichens) that are present for most of the growing season in most years. Perennial plants usually dominate these wetlands. All water regimes are included except those that are sub-tidal and irregularly exposed.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 19 Unconsolidated Shore
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Characterized by substrates lacking vegetation except for pioneering plants that become established during brief periods when growing conditions are favorable. Erosion and deposition by waves and currents produce a number of landforms, such as beaches, bars, and flats, all of which are included in this class.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 20 Bare Land
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Composed of bare soil, rock, sand, silt, gravel, or other earthen material with little or no vegetation.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 21 Water
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Includes all areas of open water with less than 30 percent cover of trees, shrubs, persistent emergent plants, emergent mosses, or lichens.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 22 Palustrine Aquatic Bed
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Includes wetlands and deepwater habitats dominated by plants that grow principally on or below the surface of the water for most of the growing season in most years.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 23 Estuarine Aquatic Bed
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Includes widespread and diverse Algal Beds in the Marine and Estuarine Systems, where they occupy substrates characterized by a wide range of sediment depths and textures. They occur in both the sub-tidal and inter-tidal Subsystems and may grow to depths of 30 m (98 feet). This class includes kelp forests.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 24 Tundra
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Includes treeless cover beyond the latitudinal limit of the boreal forest in pole-ward regions and above the elevation range of the boreal forest in high mountains.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 25 Snow/Ice
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Includes persistent snow and ice that persist for greater portions of the year.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NOAA Coastal Services Center
Contact_Person: Clearinghouse Manager
Contact_Position: Clearinghouse Manager
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 2234 South Hobson Avenue
City: Charleston
State_or_Province: SC
Postal_Code: 29405-2413
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (843)740-1210
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (843)740-1224
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: clearinghouse@csc.noaa.gov
Hours_of_Service: Monday-Friday, 8-5 EST
Resource_Description: C-CAP zone 65 1995-Era Land Cover
Distribution_Liability: This product is available for distribution.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: ERDAS Imagine image file (.img)
Transfer_Size: 6.8 MB
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Offline_Option:
Offline_Media: CD-ROM
Recording_Format: ISO 9660
Compatibility_Information:
ISO 9660 format allows the CD-ROM to be read by most computer operating systems.
Fees: none
Available_Time_Period:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 20060508

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20060519
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NOAA Coastal Services Center
Contact_Person: Metadata Specialist
Contact_Position: Metadata Specialist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and physical address
Address: 2234 S Hobson Ave.
City: Charleston
State_or_Province: SC
Postal_Code: 29405
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 843-740-1210
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 843-740-1224
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: csc@csc.noaa.gov
Hours_of_Service: 8:00 am to 5:00 pm EST.
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
Metadata_Extensions:
Online_Linkage: <http://www.esri.com/metadata/esriprof80.html>
Profile_Name: ESRI Metadata Profile
Metadata_Extensions:
Online_Linkage: <http://www.esri.com/metadata/esriprof80.html>
Profile_Name: ESRI Metadata Profile
Metadata_Extensions:
Online_Linkage: <http://www.esri.com/metadata/esriprof80.html>
Profile_Name: ESRI Metadata Profile

Generated by mp version 2.9.6 on Thu Aug 13 15:23:14 2009