Historical North Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Tracks, 1851-2008

Metadata also available as

Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Hurricane Center
Publication_Date: 200905
Title: Historical North Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Tracks, 1851-2008
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: vector digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Charleston, SC
Publisher:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Coastal Services Center
Online_Linkage: <http://maps.csc.noaa.gov/hurricanes/index.jsp>
Description:
Abstract:
This Historical North Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Tracks file contains the 6-hourly (0000, 0600, 1200, 1800 UTC) center locations and intensities for all subtropical depressions and storms, extratropical storms, tropical lows, waves, disturbances, depressions and storms, and all hurricanes, from 1851 through 2008.
Note: These data were projected from their native projection to the North American Datum of 1983 (NAD83), Massachusetts State Plane Coordinate System, Mainland Zone (FIPS zone 2001), meters, by the Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management on January 13, 2009.
Purpose:
These data are intended for geographic display and analysis at the national level, and for large regional areas. The data should be displayed and analyzed at scales appropriate for 1:2,000,000-scale data. No responsibility is assumed by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration in the use of these data.
Supplemental_Information:
An ASCII format version of the Historical Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Tracks file is available at <http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pastall.shtml>.
For more information on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale, please see <http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/aboutsshs.shtml>.
For more information on tropical cyclone advisories, please see <http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/HAW2/english/forecast/forecast_products.shtml>.
General information on subtropical and tropical cyclones is available from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory, Hurricane Research Division FAQ page at <http://www.aoml.noaa.gov/hrd/tcfaq/tcfaqHED.html>, and from the National Hurricane Center Hurricane Basics page at <http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/HAW2/english/basics.shtml>.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 18510625
Ending_Date: 20081114
Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: Annually
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -158.774107
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 33.285772
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 80.000223
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -4.418955
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: Hurricanes
Theme_Keyword: Historical hurricanes
Theme_Keyword: Hurricane tracks
Theme_Keyword: Historical hurricane tracks
Theme_Keyword: Tropical storms
Theme_Keyword: Subtropical storms
Theme_Keyword: Subtropical depressions
Theme_Keyword: Tropical depressions
Theme_Keyword: Tropical disturbances
Theme_Keyword: Tropical waves
Theme_Keyword: Tropical lows
Theme_Keyword: Extratropical storms
Theme_Keyword: Major hurricanes
Theme_Keyword: Intense hurricanes
Theme_Keyword: Tropical storm tracks
Theme_Keyword: Historical tropical cyclone tracks
Theme_Keyword: Tropical cyclones
Theme_Keyword: Subtropical cyclones
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Place_Keyword: United States
Place_Keyword: Atlantic
Place_Keyword: North Atlantic Basin
Place_Keyword: Gulf of Mexico
Place_Keyword: Caribbean Sea
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
None. Acknowledgement of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Hurricane Center, and/or the NOAA Coastal Services Center would be appreciated in products derived from these data.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NOAA Coastal Services Center
Contact_Position: Clearinghouse Manager
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 2234 South Hobson Avenue
City: Charleston
State_or_Province: SC
Postal_Code: 29405-2413
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 843-740-1200
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 843-740-1315
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: clearinghouse@csc.noaa.gov
Hours_of_Service: Monday - Friday 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM Eastern Time
Native_Data_Set_Environment:
Microsoft Windows XP Version 5.1 (Build 2600) Service Pack 3; ESRI ArcCatalog 9.3.1.3500

Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Specific accuracy information can be found in McAdie, C.J., David, J.E., Landsea, C.W., Neumann, C.J., and G.R. Hammer, 2009: Tropical Cyclones of the North Atlantic Ocean, 1851-2006 (sixth revision). NCDC/NHC Historical Climatology Series 6-2, pp.11-14. Similar standards and techniques were applied to the post-1999 data.
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Over-water portions of storm tracks before 1944 are subject to considerable uncertainties. Aircraft reconnaissance of storms near critical areas was introduced in 1944, and continuous weather satellite surveillance was introduced in the mid-1960s. These two developments mean that more recent storm records have a higher degree of accuracy than those prior to 1944. No tests for logical consistency have been performed on this data set.
Completeness_Report:
This data set includes all known Atlantic Basin (Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean Sea, and North Atlantic Ocean) tropical cyclones between 1851 and 2008. The term tropical cyclone as used here refers to subtropical depressions and storms, tropical depressions and storms, and all categories of hurricanes from Category 1 to Category 5. This dataset also includes hybrid systems such as tropical lows, waves, subtropical depressions and storms, as well as extratropical storms.
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
Over-water portions of storm tracks before 1944 are subject to considerable uncertainties. Aircraft reconnaissance of storms near critical areas was introduced in 1944, and continuous weather satellite surveillance was introduced in the mid-1960s. These two developments allow a high degree of probability that more recent storm center locations were determined with a reasonable degree of accuracy.
Lineage:
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Tropical Prediction Center/National Hurricane Center
Publication_Date: 200905
Title: Atlantic Tracks File
Edition: 2008
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: Map
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Miami, FL
Publisher: NOAA National Hurricane Center
Online_Linkage: <http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pastall.shtml>
Type_of_Source_Media: Online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1851
Ending_Date: 2008
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: atl_hurtrack
Source_Contribution: Spatial and attribute information.
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Historical track information was downloaded from the National Hurricane Center's Web site. The textual information was formatted using a PERL script written by the NOAA Coastal Services Center. The file was then brought into ArcGIS as a table and converted to a shapefile with attributes using a custom Visual Basic extension.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: atl_hurtrack
Process_Date: 20090511
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NOAA Coastal Services Center
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and physical address
Address: 2234 South Hobson Avenue
City: Charleston
State_or_Province: SC
Postal_Code: 29405-2413
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 843-740-1200
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 843-740-1315
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: clearinghouse@csc.noaa.gov
Hours_of_Service: Monday - Friday 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM Eastern Time
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
These data were projected from their native projection to the North American Datum of 1983 (NAD83), Massachusetts State Plane Coordinate System, Mainland Zone (FIPS zone 2001), meters, by the Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management on January 13, 2009.
Process_Date: 20100113
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: The Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management
Contact_Position: CZM Data Manager
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: 251 Causeway Street, Suite 800
City: Boston
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02114-2138
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 617-626-1200
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 617-626-1240
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: czm@state.ma.us
Hours_of_Service: 0900 hrs to 1600 hrs EST
Contact_Instructions: email only

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Vector
Point_and_Vector_Object_Information:
SDTS_Terms_Description:
SDTS_Point_and_Vector_Object_Type: String
Point_and_Vector_Object_Count: 38837

Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Planar:
Grid_Coordinate_System:
Grid_Coordinate_System_Name: State Plane Coordinate System 1983
State_Plane_Coordinate_System:
SPCS_Zone_Identifier: 2001
Lambert_Conformal_Conic:
Standard_Parallel: 41.716667
Standard_Parallel: 42.683333
Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: -71.500000
Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 41.000000
False_Easting: 200000.000000
False_Northing: 750000.000000
Planar_Coordinate_Information:
Planar_Coordinate_Encoding_Method: coordinate pair
Coordinate_Representation:
Abscissa_Resolution: 0.000000
Ordinate_Resolution: 0.000000
Planar_Distance_Units: meters
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: North American Datum of 1983
Ellipsoid_Name: Geodetic Reference System 80
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137.000000
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257222

Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: Subtropical and tropical cyclone tracks
Entity_Type_Definition:
The path followed by the center of a subtropical or tropical cyclone or related storm. A subtropical cyclone is a low pressure system that develops over subtropical waters and that initially has a non-tropical circulation but in which some elements of tropical cyclone cloud structure are present. Subtropical cyclones can evolve into tropical cyclones. A tropical cyclone is a warm-core, non-frontal low-pressure system that develops over tropical or subtropical waters, covering a large region and with organized convection (i.e. thunderstorm activity) and definite cyclonic (counter-clockwise circular) surface wind circulation. Related storms are those that develop into subtropical or tropical cyclones or develop from them, such as tropical disturbances, lows, waves, and extratropical storms.
Entity_Type_Definition_Source:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Hurricane Center
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: FID
Attribute_Definition: Internal feature number.
Attribute_Definition_Source: ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
Sequential unique whole numbers that are automatically generated.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Shape
Attribute_Definition: The representation of the entity in the data.
Attribute_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Coordinates defining the features.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Year
Attribute_Definition:
The year of the storm advisory, in the format yyyy. Advisories are issued for storms that have attained at least tropical depression status, and are issued every 6 hours, at 0000, 0600, 1200, and 1800 hours. Tropical Prediction Center/National Hurricane Center advisories are discontinued once a storm makes landfall and all storm warnings are dropped, or when the wind speed drops below 30 knots or 35 mph. The records for each date are listed in order.
Attribute_Definition_Source:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Hurricane Center
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 1851
Range_Domain_Maximum: 2008
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Month
Attribute_Definition:
The month of the storm advisory. Advisories are issued for storms that have attained at least tropical depression status, and are issued every 6 hours, at 0000, 0600, 1200, and 1800 hours. Tropical Prediction Center/National Hurricane Center advisories are discontinued once a storm makes landfall and all storm warnings are dropped, or when the wind speed drops below 30 knots or 35 mph. The records for each date are listed in order.
Attribute_Definition_Source:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Hurricane Center
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 1
Range_Domain_Maximum: 12
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Day
Attribute_Definition:
The day of the storm advisory. Advisories are issued for storms that have attained at least tropical depression status, and are issued every 6 hours, at 0000, 0600, 1200, and 1800 hours. Tropical Prediction Center/National Hurricane Center advisories are discontinued once a storm makes landfall and all storm warnings are dropped, or when the wind speed drops below 30 knots or 35 mph. The records for each date are listed in order.
Attribute_Definition_Source:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Hurricane Center
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 1
Range_Domain_Maximum: 31
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Ad_Time
Attribute_Definition:
The storm advisory time. Times are in Zulu (a.k.a., Universal Time-UTC, Greenwich Mean Time-GMT) starting with 0000Z and ending with 1800Z.
Attribute_Definition_Source:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Hurricane Center
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 0000Z
Range_Domain_Maximum: 1800Z
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Btid
Attribute_Definition:
The unique event identifier. Identifiers are sequential, starting with 1 in June, 1851 and ending with 1410 in November, 2008.
Attribute_Definition_Source:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Hurricane Center
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 1
Range_Domain_Maximum: 1410
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Name
Attribute_Definition:
The given name of a storm. Storms are named if they are true tropical storms and attain a sustained wind speed of at least 39 mph.
Attribute_Definition_Source:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Hurricane Center
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Codeset_Domain:
Codeset_Name: World-Wide Tropical Cyclone Names
Codeset_Source: World Meteorological Organization
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Not Named
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
There is no given name for the storm. Prior to 1950 storms were not named.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Hurricane Center
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Subtrop
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
There is no given name for the storm because it was classified as a subtropical depression or subtropical storm.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Hurricane Center
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Subtrop1
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
There is no given name for the storm because it was classified as a subtropical depression or subtropical storm. Subtrop1 is the first subtropical cyclone for a given year. A storm may initially be identified as Subtrop1 but then be given a name if it develops into a tropical storm; in this case there will be no storm identified as Subtrop1 for the year even though there may be a storm identified as Subtrop2.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Hurricane Center
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Subtrop2
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
There is no given name for the storm because it was classified as a subtropical depression or subtropical storm. Subtrop2 is the second subtropical cyclone for a given year. A storm may initially be identified as Subtrop2 but then be given a name if it develops into a tropical storm; in this case there will be no storm identified as Subtrop2 for the year even though there may be a storm identified as Subtrop3.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Hurricane Center
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Subtrop3
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
There is no given name for the storm because it was classified as a subtropical depression or subtropical storm. Subtrop3 is the third subtropical cyclone for a given year. A storm may initially be identified as Subtrop3 but then be given a name if it develops into a tropical storm; in this case there will be no storm identified as Subtrop3 for the year even though there may be a storm identified as Subtrop4.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Hurricane Center
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Subtrop4
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
There is no given name for the storm because it was classified as a subtropical depression or subtropical storm. Subtrop4 is the fourth subtropical cyclone for a given year. A storm may initially be identified as Subtrop4 but then be given a name if it develops into a tropical storm; in this case there will be no storm identified as Subtrop4 for the year.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Hurricane Center
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Unnamed
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Storms from 1950 or later may be unnamed if they were not recognized as tropical storms or hurricanes at the time of their occurrence.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Hurricane Center
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Lat
Attribute_Definition:
The latitude measurement of the storm's center, in tenths of decimal degrees.
Attribute_Definition_Source:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Hurricane Center
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 7.2
Range_Domain_Maximum: 69.0
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Long
Attribute_Definition:
The longitude measurement of the storm's center, in tenths of decimal degrees.
Attribute_Definition_Source:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Hurricane Center
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: -109.3
Range_Domain_Maximum: 12.0
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Wind_kts
Attribute_Definition:
The measured or estimated windspeed at the time of the advisory, in whole knots.
Attribute_Definition_Source:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Hurricane Center
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 10
Range_Domain_Maximum: 165
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Pressure
Attribute_Definition:
The measured or estimated barometric pressure at the time of the advisory, in millibars. A value of 0 indicates the barometric pressure is unknown.
Attribute_Definition_Source:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Hurricane Center
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
Range_Domain_Maximum: 1024
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Cat
Attribute_Definition:
The intensity classification of the storm. Hurricanes are classified according to the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale.
Attribute_Definition_Source:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Hurricane Center
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: D
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
The storm was classified as a tropical disturbance at the time of the advisory. A tropical disturbance is a discrete tropical weather system of apparently organized convection (i.e. thunderstorm activity), which is generally 100 to 300 nautical miles in diameter. It originates in the tropics or subtropics, has a nonfrontal migratory character, and maintains its identity for 24 hours or more. It does not necessarily exhibit circulation, but may develop into a tropical cyclone.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Hurricane Center
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: E
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
The storm was classified as Extratropical at the time of the advisory. Extratropical is a term used in advisories and tropical summaries to indicate that a cyclone has lost its tropical characteristics. The term implies both that the cyclone has moved out of the tropics and that the energy source driving the storm has changed. While tropical cyclones derive their energy from the convection of warm, moist air, extratropical storms derive their energy from the temperature contrast between warm and cold air masses. It is important to note that cyclones can become extratropical and still retain winds of hurricane or tropical storm force.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Hurricane Center
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: H1
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
The storm was classified as a Category 1 hurricane at the time of the advisory. A Category 1 hurricane is a tropical cyclone with maximum one-minute average sustained surface (10 meter) winds of 64 knots/74 mph to 82 knots/95 mph, inclusive.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Hurricane Center
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: H2
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
The storm was classified as a Category 2 hurricane at the time of the advisory. A Category 2 hurricane is a tropical cyclone with maximum one-minute average sustained surface (10 meter) winds of 83 knots/96 mph to 95 knots/110 mph, inclusive.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Hurricane Center
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: H3
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
The storm was classified as a Category 3 hurricane at the time of the advisory. A Category 3 hurricane is a tropical cyclone with maximum sustained surface (10 meter) winds of 96 knots/111 mph to 113 knots/130 mph, inclusive.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Hurricane Center
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: H4
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
The storm was classified as a Category 4 hurricane at the time of the advisory. A Category 4 hurricane is a tropical cyclone with maximum one-minute average sustained surface (10 meter) winds of 114 knots/131 mph to 135 knots/155 mph, inclusive.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Hurricane Center
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: H5
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
The storm was classified as a Category 5 hurricane at the time of the advisory. A Category 5 hurricane is a tropical cyclone with maximum one-minute average sustained surface (10 meter) winds greater than 135 knots/ 155 mph.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Hurricane Center
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: L
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
The storm was classified as a tropical low at the time of the advisory. A tropical low indicates low pressure at the surface, but no other characteristics of a tropical cyclone are present.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Hurricane Center
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: SD
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
The storm was classified as a subtropical depression at the time of the advisory. A subtropical depression is a subtropical cyclone with maximum one-minute average sustained surface (10 meter) winds of less than 34 knots/39 mph.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Hurricane Center
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: SS
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
The storm was classified as a subtropical storm at the time of the advisory. A subtropical storm is a subtropical cyclone with maximum one-minute average sustained surface (10 meter) winds of 34 knots/39 mph or greater.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Hurricane Center
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: TD
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
The storm was classified as a tropical depression at the time of the advisory. A tropical depression is a tropical cyclone with maximum one-minute average sustained surface (10 meter) winds of less than 34 knots/ 39 mph.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Hurricane Center
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: TS
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
The storm was classified as a tropical storm at the time of the advisory. A tropical storm is a tropical cyclone with maximum one-minute average sustained surface (10 meter) winds of 34 knots/39 mph to 64 knots/ 73 mph, inclusive.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Hurricane Center
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: W
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
The storm was classified as a tropical wave at the time of the advisory. Tropical waves occur in the trade-wind easterlies, moving to the west with a wave-like motion. They show a detectable shift in wind direction, which may not be detectable at the surface but may be seen in the middle atmosphere. A tropical wave may develop into a tropical cyclone.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Hurricane Center
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: BASIN
Attribute_Definition: The oceanic basin where the storm occurred.
Attribute_Definition_Source:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, NOAA Coastal Services Center

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
NOAA Coastal Services Center, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing address
Address: 2234 South Hobson Avenue
City: Charleston
State_or_Province: SC
Postal_Code: 29405-2413
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 843-740-1200
Resource_Description: Downloadable Data
Distribution_Liability:
Although these data have been processed successfully on a computer system at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, no warranty expressed or implied is made by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration regarding the utility of the data on any other system, nor shall the act of distribution constitute any such warranty. No responsibility is assumed by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration in the use of these data.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: ESRI Shapefile
Transfer_Size: 3.255
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: <http://maps.csc.noaa.gov/hurricanes/index.jsp>
Fees: There is no charge for the online option.
Ordering_Instructions:
To obtain the data, visit the application online at <http://maps.csc.noaa.gov/hurricanes/index.jsp>

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20090514
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NOAA Coastal Services Center
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and physical address
Address: 2234 South Hobson Avenue
City: Charleston
State_or_Province: SC
Postal_Code: 29405-2413
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 843-740-1200
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 843-740-1315
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: clearinghouse@csc.noaa.gov
Hours_of_Service: Monday - Friday 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM Eastern Time
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
Metadata_Security_Information:
Metadata_Security_Classification_System: None
Metadata_Security_Classification: Unclassified
Metadata_Security_Handling_Description: None
Metadata_Extensions:
Online_Linkage: <http://www.esri.com/metadata/esriprof80.html>
Profile_Name: ESRI Metadata Profile

Generated by mp version 2.9.6 on Tue Jan 26 13:56:06 2010