Federal Water Pollution Control Act (Clean Water Act)

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Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: The Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management (CZM)
Publication_Date: 20080918
Title: Federal Water Pollution Control Act (Clean Water Act)
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: vector digital data
Larger_Work_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: The Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management (CZM)
Title:
Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management Georegulations Geodatabase
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: vector digital data
Description:
Abstract:
Federal Water Pollution Control Act, as amended (also called the Clean Water Act) (33 U.S.C. ?? 1251 et seq.)
The Clean Water Act (CWA) establishes the basic scheme for restoring and maintaining the chemical, physical, and biological integrity of the nation's waters. The primary mechanism in the CWA regulating the discharge of pollutants is the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES), which is administered by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Under the NPDES program, a permit is required from EPA or an authorized state for the discharge of any pollutant from a point source into the waters of the U.S. (section 402; 33 U.S.C. ? 1342). This includes discharges associated with oil and gas development on federal leases beyond state waters. A NPDES permit for certain stormwater discharges also is required. In the case of discharges to the territorial sea or beyond, permits are also subject to the ocean discharge criteria developed under section 403 of the Act (33 U.S.C. ? 1343). Permits for discharges into the territorial sea or internal waters may be issued by states following approval of their permit program by EPA; in the absence of an approved state permit program, and for discharges beyond the territorial sea, EPA is the permit-issuing authority.
Section 320 of the CWA establishes the National Estuary Program, which uses a consensus-based approach for protecting and restoring estuaries. As of 1998, there were 28 estuaries in the program (33 U.S.C. ? 1330).
The Army Corps of Engineers (COE) implements the section 404 permit program (33 U.S.C. 1344). Under section 404, a permit is required for the discharge of dredged or fill materials into the waters of the U.S. that lie inside of the baseline for the territorial sea and fill materials into the territorial sea within three miles of shore. Although COE has the permitting responsibility under the section 404 program except in certain waters of two states (Michigan and New Jersey), which have assumed the authority, EPA is authorized to review and comment on the impact of proposed dredge and fill activities and to prohibit discharges that would have an unacceptable impact on municipal water supplies, shellfish beds, fishery areas, wildlife, and recreational areas. EPA, in consultation with COE, is charged with developing guidelines to be used in evaluating discharges subject to section 404. (See 40 C.F.R. Part 230.) The section 404 permit requirement is the cornerstone for the current wetlands regulatory program. If COE or EPA determines that a certain property is a jurisdictional wetland, no one can discharge dredged or fill materials into it without a section 404 permit. COE and EPA also have cooperative agreements with the Natural Resources Conservation Service and rely on its determinations as to the presence of wetlands on agricultural lands.
The CWA was amended in 1987 to include the current nonpoint source (NPS) program. Under this program (section 319; 33 U.S.C. ? 1329), states must develop management programs to address NPS runoff, including the identification of best management practices and measures. In addition, section 319 authorizes grants to assist the states in implementing their approved management programs.
The CWA generally prohibits discharges of oil and hazardous substances into coastal or ocean waters except where permitted under the Protocol of 1978 Relating to the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (section 311; 33 U.S.C. ? 1321). The U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) investigates and responds to discharges of oil and hazardous substances into coastal or ocean waters in accordance with the National Contingency Plan (NCP). The USCG, with the cooperation of EPA, generally administers the NCP when oil or a hazardous substance is discharged into coastal or ocean waters. Regional and area contingency plans are developed to implement the NCP.
The CWA (section 312; 33 U.S.C. ? 1322) requires vessels with installed toilet facilities and operating on the navigable waters of the U.S. to contain operable marine sanitation devices certified as meeting standards and regulations promulgated under section 312. Section 312 also allows establishment of zones where discharge of sewage from vessels is completely prohibited. Amendments made to section 312 in 1996 will require, where appropriate, the use of marine pollution control devices for operational, non-sewage, discharges from vessels of the Armed Forces.
Publicly owned sewage treatment facilities must, at a minimum, meet effluent reductions by secondary treatment, except for certain facilities discharging to coastal waters for which EPA has approved a waiver under section 301(h) (Source: Year of the Ocean Discussion Papers 1998).
Purpose:
These georegulations data were developed for illustrative purposes to depict the geographic extent(s) of specific laws and policies. They were derived from various sources for planning purposes only and do not necessarily represent contemporary legal spatial positions or orientation(s). All users should verify the location of any boundary of interest prior to use by contacting the controlling legal authority (i.e. Federal, Commonwealth, or town agency) listed in the metadata for guidance.
Supplemental_Information:
<http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/html/uscode33/usc_sup_01_33_10_26.html>
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: unknown
Ending_Date: unknown
Currentness_Reference: publication date
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -71.422768
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -65.742494
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 43.076709
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 40.592435
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: coastal zone management
Theme_Keyword: CZM
Theme_Keyword: georegulations
Theme_Keyword: georegulation
Theme_Keyword: law
Theme_Keyword: policy
Theme_Keyword: jurisdiction
Theme_Keyword: boundary
Theme_Keyword: boundaries
Theme_Keyword: Federal Water Pollution Control Act
Theme_Keyword: Clean Water Act
Theme_Keyword: CWA
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: environment, 007
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Place_Keyword: Massachusetts
Place_Keyword: Gulf of Maine
Access_Constraints:
None. These data are in the public domain. GIS files are freely available for download.
Use_Constraints:
Public domain data from the Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management (CZM), an agency of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts Executive Office of Environmental Affairs, are freely redistributable with proper metadata and source attribution. Please recognize the Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management as the source of these data. You are not permitted to use CZM's name or to suggest that CZM endorses your project or product, without its express written consent. While efforts have been made to ensure that these data are accurate and reliable within the state of the art, CZM cannot assume liability for any damages or misrepresentation caused by any inaccuracies in the data or as a result of changes to the data caused by system transfers. The user must be aware of data conditions and bear responsibility for the appropriate use of these data with respect to possible errors, original map scale, collection methodology, currency of data, and other conditions specific to these data.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: CZM Data Manager
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing Address
Address: 251 Causeway Street, Suite 800, Boston, MA 02114-2136
City: Boston
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02114-2136
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 617-626-1200
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 617-626-1240
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: czm@state.ma.us
Hours_of_Service: 0900 hrs to 1600 hrs EST
Contact_Instructions: email only
Data_Set_Credit:
These spatial data were created by the Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management (CZM) for the Massachusetts Executive Office of Environmental Affairs (EOEA).
Native_Data_Set_Environment:
Microsoft Windows XP Version 5.1 (Build 2600) Service Pack 3; ESRI ArcCatalog 9.3.0.1770

Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report: An attribute accuracy report was not conducted for these data.
Logical_Consistency_Report: A logical consistency report was not conducted for these data.
Completeness_Report:
The data is thought to be complete; no data has been purposefully excluded.
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
A positional accuracy report was not conducted for these data. Most data used to create the georegulations data came from MassGIS, NOAA, or MMS. Consequently, by and large the data are as accurate as the source data.
Quantitative_Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Assessment:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Value: n/a
Vertical_Positional_Accuracy:
Vertical_Positional_Accuracy_Report: n/a
Lineage:

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Vector
Point_and_Vector_Object_Information:
SDTS_Terms_Description:
SDTS_Point_and_Vector_Object_Type: G-polygon
Point_and_Vector_Object_Count: 1

Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Planar:
Grid_Coordinate_System:
Grid_Coordinate_System_Name: State Plane Coordinate System 1983
State_Plane_Coordinate_System:
SPCS_Zone_Identifier: 2001
Lambert_Conformal_Conic:
Standard_Parallel: 41.716667
Standard_Parallel: 42.683333
Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: -71.500000
Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 41.000000
False_Easting: 200000.000000
False_Northing: 750000.000000
Planar_Coordinate_Information:
Planar_Coordinate_Encoding_Method: coordinate pair
Coordinate_Representation:
Abscissa_Resolution: 0.000000
Ordinate_Resolution: 0.000000
Planar_Distance_Units: meters
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: North American Datum of 1983
Ellipsoid_Name: Geodetic Reference System 80
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137.000000
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257222

Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: cwa
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: FID
Attribute_Definition: Internal feature number.
Attribute_Definition_Source: ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
Sequential unique whole numbers that are automatically generated.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Shape
Attribute_Definition: Feature geometry.
Attribute_Definition_Source: ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Coordinates defining the features.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: UNIT_TYPE
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: CONTACT
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: USC_CITE
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: CFR_CITE
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: CONTACT_2
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: UNIT_NAME
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: MNG_AGCY
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: PL_CITE
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: PL_LINK
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: MNG_AGCY_2
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: SHAPE_AREA
Attribute_Definition: Area of feature in internal units squared.
Attribute_Definition_Source: ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Positive real numbers that are automatically generated.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: SHAPE_LEN

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: CZM Data Manager
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing Address
Address: 251 Causeway Street, Suite 800, Boston, MA 02114-2136
City: Boston
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02114-2136
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 617-626-1200
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 617-626-1240
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: czm@state.ma.us
Hours_of_Service: 0900 hrs to 1600 hrs EST
Contact_Instructions: email only
Resource_Description: Downloadable Data
Distribution_Liability:
Although every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of these data, errors and conditions originating from physical sources used to develop these data may be reflected in the data supplied. The client must be aware of data conditions and bear responsibility for the appropriate use of the information with respect to possible errors, original map scale, collection methodology, currency of data, and other conditions specific to certain data. In no event shall CZM be liable for any damages, whether general, special, incidental or consequential damages, arising out of your use of these data. Your sole remedy for damages is to stop using the data. You agree to defend, indemnify, and hold harmless CZM and its employees against any claim, loss, liability or expense, including attorneys' fees, resulting from loss of or damage to property or the injury to or death of any person arising out of the use of the data.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Transfer_Size: 0.002
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: <http://www.mass.gov/czm/czm.htm>
Fees:
GIS and coordinate files may be downloaded at no charge by following links on the Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management website (<http://www.mass.gov/czm/>).

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20080919
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: CZM Data Manager
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing Address
Address: 251 Causeway Street, Suite 800, Boston, MA 02114-2136
City: Boston
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02114-2136
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 617-626-1200
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 617-626-1240
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: czm@state.ma.us
Hours_of_Service: 0900 hrs to 1600 hrs EST
Contact_Instructions: email only
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
Metadata_Extensions:
Online_Linkage: <http://www.esri.com/metadata/esriprof80.html>
Profile_Name: ESRI Metadata Profile

Generated by mp version 2.9.6 on Fri Sep 19 09:35:47 2008